Important Hajj Places Near To Masjid Al-Haraam Where Hajj Rites Are Performed
1. Kaabah (Baitullah):
This is a cubic structure that was built by Hazrat Abraheem (AS) and Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) by Divine Command. Since then it has become the source of blessings and peace and guidance for all humanity and the pilgrims circle around it with greatest devotion and enthusiasm. The masjid (mosque) in which Kaabah is located is called Masjid al-Haraam.
2. Different corners of the Kaabah:
* Rukn Yamaani is the south west place towards the direction of Yaman and is highly blessed and sacred. * Rukn Iraqi is the corner in the direction of the Iraq. * Rukn Shami is the corner to the direction of Syria.
The sacred Black Stone Hajr-e-Aswad fixed in the eastern corner of the Kaabah and was originally placed there by Hazrat Ibraheem (AS). Tawaf or circumambulation is started by kissing or pointing or touching towards the Black Stone Hajr-e-Aswad and brought to completion at it, after seven circles.
This is the broad, wide, oval in shape, open pavement around Kaabah and Hatim, where pilgrims perform Tawaaf or circumambulation with utmost enthusiasm and devotion and day and night except namaz or prayer time.
Multazam is the wall that is five or six feet in length, between Black stone Hajar-e-Aswad and the door of the Kaabah. This is extremely sacred and blessed place where prayers are accepted.
Hatim is a semi-circular half-constructed portion at North West which was part of the Holy Kaabah in the time of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS), but later could not be included in the chief structure when Quresh rebuilt it after the destruction by fire. To offer namaz or prayer in Hatim is just like praying inside the Kaabah. The Tawaaf around the Kaabah covers Hatim as well.
The spot under the drain of the roof of the Kaaba is called Mizab-e-Rehmat and is a site for acceptance of prayers.
8. Maqam-e-Ibraheem (Station of Ibraheem):
It is to the north-east of the Kaaba, a slight away from its door, stands a metal and glass structure that contains a sacred stone bearing the impressions of the foot-marks of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) who stood here during the construction of the Holy Kaaba. This is one of the sacred and blessed places where prayers are accepted. After completing the Tawaaf or circumambulation, the pilgrims offer two rakahs of nafil namaz (prayers) near it. If it is not possible to perform namaz here, a pilgrim can perform anywhere in Masjid al-Haram.
9. Zamzam well:
Zamzam well is the historical well situated to the east of the Holy Kaaba, which was provided by ALLAH for the sustenance of Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) and his mother in the wilderness of Makkah. Zamzam water possesses huge benefits and merits, and the pilgrims have been urged to drink water of Zamzam to fill, because it is food for those who are hungry and cure for the sick.
10. Mountains of Safa and Marwah:
Safa is a hill to the south of the Kaaba, which has now been levelled down and remains only as a sign. Opposite to it, to the north of the Holy Kaaba, there is the hill of Marwah. Performing Saaee between these two spots is a significant Umrah and Hajj rite.